Ep. 3: Belief, Knowledge, and Truth

This sermon, “Belief, Knowledge, and Truth,” was originally delivered to the congregation of Harmony, a Unitarian Universalist Community, on February 5, 2017. It is published here with permission from the writer, with all rights reserved.

By Mike Markey

This talk is about epistemology, which is the study of how we know things. Better put, it is “the theory of knowledge, especially with regard to its methods, validity, and scope. Epistemology is the investigation of what distinguishes justified belief from opinion.”

So the idea for this sermon came about from group discussions here after other sermons. I had made the comment that “knowledge is a subset of belief,” and was asked to explain that in more depth. This is my answer to that request, and some thoughts on epistemology in general.

Ep. 2: Food and Our World

This sermon, “Food and Our World, was originally delivered to the congregation of Harmony, a Unitarian Universalist Community, on January 15, 2017. It is published here with permission from the writers, with all rights reserved.

By Rob Rogan with Karen Gotschall

I have spent the better part of my adult life working in the food industry. I have seen about every step between farm and grocery store and want to take a few minutes to talk about the issues as it relates to all of us here. But I will make the disclaimer that I am speaking for me today and nothing I say represents any statement from the company I work for.

Explore the misunderstood needs for food and our world, and the many challenges of getting food from farms to people and communities.

However, working for a large food company will obviously provide a certain view of the food supply chain. Like it or not, large companies have a bad reputation in our modern world and for the most parts consumers want a local personal connection with their products. That said, large companies still handle the bulk of the food we consume in this society so what they do still has enormous implications on the food in our world.

I will cover a couple topics today, but the one I want to spend the greatest amount of time on is waste.

Reducing food waste

Explore the misunderstood needs for food and our world, and the many challenges of getting food from farms to people and communities.

We have heard a lot of talk about the need for food in this world, so let’s talk lay it out there to start. Depending on which study you want to believe somewhere between 30 and 50 percent of all food grown in the world ends up thrown away as waste. Yet more than 10 percent of the population is malnourished.

Just think about that for a second.

What this means is that we live in a world with about 7.5 billion people. We produce enough food to feed about 12 billion people. Yet we only manage to effectively feed about 6.8 billion people.

That is surely oversimplifying a complex issue, but just think about that for a moment.

This food waste has points all along the supply chain, including many places you can’t control, but in America you have the greatest opportunity to reduce waste. If you look at the graph here you see many points of waste along the way from farm to table, but the greatest responsibility lies with us, the end user or consumer at the bottom of the graph. The production loss from fruits and vegetables is the other outlier at the top, but we will talk about that in a bit.

Now this isn’t as true in many developing countries, where inadequate supply chains, lack of refrigeration, and poor storage solution end up with much higher losses up in the food chain—but this isn’t the case here.

Explore the misunderstood needs for food and our world, and the many challenges of getting food from farms to people and communities.

Furthermore, I would submit that what this graph is calling “waste” in areas such as processing are actually much better to tolerate because almost everything that is waste in the food industry usually goes to two streams: “Certa” or “Offal.” Certa and offal are industry names for taking either dry or wet waste and sending it out to be feed for farm animals. The amount of food that is actually put to a landfill from many food manufacturing sites is very tiny,

The food industry faces challenges to find solutions to complex issues. Are you aware of how much milk it takes to make a single serving Greek yogurt? Are you aware that to make the Greek yogurt everyone loves they have to strain the protein out of milk and for every gallon of Greek yogurt, about 3 gallons of waste liquid are made. But General Mills and Chiobani still recycle that waste onto crops or into a bio generator to make electricity.

What we can do to help

As consumers, we don’t have this built in secondary stream to farm animals and our waste tends to end up going to landfill. So what can we do about it?

    1. Buy what you need: A few years ago our family joined a CSA, a community supported agriculture, so that we could “buy local” and get our produce from a local farmer. Anyone else do this? We were feeling pretty good about ourselves when we signed up. And then the produce started coming and it turns out a lot of stuff grown by our CSA wasn’t what we really wanted. We couldn’t eat that many radishes or other Midwestern vegetables and we wasted more food than I can remember.Are you buying the portion size you need or what is the best value? We are such value driven shoppers, that how can we not buy twice as much produce for only 40% more money? But when it goes bad we throw it away and just think what a good deal we got!If you are making the decision to buy something that will only live a short time at your hose before it is no longer edible, do you have a gameplan for it?
    2. Stop caring so much about produce appearance: Somewhere between 10 and 20 percent of produce is deemed edible but not marketable because our appearance standards are so high for our food. Grocers will pitch the ugly items, farmers can’t sell the ugly items, because we as consumers won’t buy them. In a world in which we Instagram our dinner, we are choosing waste over practicality for the sake of beauty that probably won’t be noticeable on your dinner plate anyway.
    3. Save more: A study back in 1987 found that those who lived through the Great Depression wasted half as much food as those who did not. Waste is a mindset. Who saves their bacon grease to use cooking later? Make stale bread into croutons? Vegetable scrap into stock? We have choices for what to do with our waste more often than we realize.
    4. Have a forced “leftovers” night one or two times a week: It forces you to shop in your refrigerator first for dinner and not to let your Tupperware containers become biology experiments of color and fuzz.
    5. Research and try to understand food labeling: We suck at this as an industry and country. There are no uniform or universally accepted descriptions used on food labels for open dating in the United States. As a result, there are a wide variety of phrases used on labels to describe quality dates and the consumer is usually confused.
      Explore the misunderstood needs for food and our world, and the many challenges of getting food from farms to people and communities.

      • A “Best if Used By/Before” date indicates when a product will be of best flavor or quality. It is not a purchase or safety date.
      • A “Sell-By” date tells the store how long to display the product for sale for inventory management. It is not a safety date.
      • A “Use-By” date is the last date recommended for the use of the product while at peak quality. It is not a safety date except for when used on infant formula.

As consumers we should understand that typical perishable items have “sell by” dates and that things like milk are usually good up to a week or so after that, while meats are good for a few days after which you should use or freeze.

The government is passing new rules in this arena this past December to help the situation, but it is still up to us to understand it.

Our impact as consumers

Explore the misunderstood needs for food and our world, and the many challenges of getting food from farms to people and communities.
Outside of food waste there is one other subject I want to discuss: the health of our food and our supply chain and what you purchase.
For better or worse you as consumers have the real power over the food industry. They respond to what consumers want to purchase and that is oftentimes what as perceive as healthy. This doesn’t mean that it is or isn’t really healthy.

In the 80s, fat was perceived as the enemy and products lowered fat and as a result we were getting more calories from sugars and carbs. In the 90s, saturated fat was deemed as the enemy and to fight that partially hydrogenated soybean oil was developed to replace saturated fats, such as butter and lard, in food products. Today we realize that hydrogenated soybean oil is a trans fat that is now deemed as the worse thing of all and we should be going back to butter and keep fats in our products, so we get less of our calories from carbs. To that end products are all heading that way.

That is just one example, but the industry will respond to what consumers want. The company I work for is now the second largest organic food producer in the US and we barely made anything organic 15 years ago. We just spent an huge effort to strip out all artificial colors from our products and only because we believe it is what consumers want. Cage-free eggs, gluten-free cereals, hormone-free meats—the industry is responding to you as consumers. The best way to voice your desire for change is with your wallet.

I will just ask that you spend some time and research on any concerns you have. I sometimes find it ironic that the very progressive people who admonish those who deny the science of climate change will be the first to deny the overwhelming science that says that vaccines and GMO food products are positive things in this world.

In any case, the power is in your hands so know that every decision you make in the grocery store is all a part of the large voice that determines what your food industry will provide.

Action Items: Food and Our World

Explore the misunderstood needs for food and our world, and the many challenges of getting food from farms to people and communities.

  1. Research how to source food for the hungry
    • Closest food distribution centers
    • Food assistance
    • Community gardens
  2. Journal how much food your family wastes
  3. Think of ways you can save more of your home waste

Sermon Slideshow

Ep. 1: Won’t You Be My Neighbor?

This sermon was originally delivered to the congregation of Harmony, a Unitarian Universalist Community, on January 1, 2017. It is published here with permission from the writer, with all rights reserved.

By Susan Wenner Jackson

When I was a little girl, I loved Mr. Rogers. I’m sure many of you remember his long-running series, “Mr. Rogers’ Neighborhood,” which aired on PBS from 1968 until 2001. I have such fond early childhood memories of Trolley, jing-a-linging his way to the Neighborhood of Make-Believe, populated with slightly bizarre puppet people like King Friday, Prince Tuesday, Daniel Tiger, and Lady Elaine Fairchilde.

Perhaps the main thing that drew me to Mr. Rogers was his gentle kindness with each person he encountered, and his slow, deliberate way of going about everyday activities, such as putting on his shoes or hanging up his sweater. I guess he reminded me of my own dad, who talks quietly and takes his time. But Mr. Rogers also had this mesmerizing quality of total, loving acceptance. I mean, at the end of each episode, he looked right at me, and said to me, with total sincerity:

“You’ve made this day a special day just by being you. You are the only person like you in this whole world. And people can like you just because you’re you.”

I wasn’t the only one who felt this way…


Invoking the spirit of Mr. Rogers

In the aftermath of the presidential election, with all its vitriol, divisiveness, open hostility, and pervasive, intense fear, I had that wind-knocked-out-of-me feeling. Followed by the daze you often experience after a major shock, like “Is this really happening?” In order to emerge from that daze, and to move forward in hope rather than fall back into a mire of despair, I had to find something solid to hold onto.

Who should come to mind, but Mr. Rogers?

His words were circulated quite a bit after 9/11, and after other deadly disasters that happened since:

“For me, as for all children, the world could have come to seem a scary place to live. But I felt secure with my parents, and they let me know that we were safely together whenever I showed concern about accounts of alarming events in the world.

“There was something else my mother did that I’ve always remembered: ‘Always look for the helpers,’ she’d tell me. ‘There’s always someone who is trying to help.’ I did, and I came to see that the world is full of doctors and nurses, police and firemen, volunteers, neighbors and friends who are ready to jump in to help when things go wrong.”

I decided to grab onto Mr. Rogers’ notions as a way of pulling myself out of the dark, swirling, scary place.

The concept of “neighbor” across faiths

As a kid, I had no idea Mr. Rogers was an ordained Presbyterian minister. Turns out, his TV show was his ministry. Pretty sneaky, right? But also, pretty effective in spreading the core message of Christianity to the masses.

From a 2015 article in the Atlantic:

“Mister Rogers’ Neighborhood” helped young viewers process stress incurred during intense periods of cultural upheaval. When it would have been easy to demonize villains, Rogers instead forced viewers to tussle with a question Jesus himself was asked in the gospel of Luke: “Who is my neighbor?”

Mr. Rogers’ answer: “The underlying message of the Neighborhood is that if somebody cares about you, it’s possible that you’ll care about others. ‘You are special, and so is your neighbor’—that part is essential: that you’re not the only special person in the world. The person you happen to be with at the moment is loved, too.”

Guess what? This whole “love thy neighbor” thing isn’t just a Christian idea. It’s also woven into the seven principles of Unitarian Universalism. See also: Judaism, Islam, Hinduism … well, you see the pattern here. A higher calling to get to know and care for our neighbors can be found across all major religions.


Holy Bible (ESV): Book of Mark Chapter 12

Verse 31 “The second is this: ‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself.’ There is no other commandment greater than these.”

Unitarian Universalist

  • 1st principle: The inherent worth and dignity of every person;
  • 2nd principle: Justice, equity and compassion in human relations;
  • 6th principle: The goal of world community with peace, liberty, and justice for all;


Torah: Leviticus Chapter 19

You shall neither take revenge from nor bear a grudge against the members of your people; you shall love your neighbor as yourself. I am the Lord.


Quran 4:36
“Worship God and join none with Him in worship, and do good to parents, kinsfolk, orphans, the poor, the neighbour who is near of kin, the neighbour who is a stranger, the companion by your side, the wayfarer (you meet)…  Verily, God does not like such as are proud and boastful.”


Anusasana Parva, Section CXIII, Verse 8
By making dharma (right conduct) your main focus, treat others as you treat yourself.

Yet we humans tend to put up fences, of both physical and invisible varieties, between us and our neighbors. At best, such barriers create lack of awareness and understanding of each other’s traditions and values. At worst, they can lead to bias, prejudice, fear, hatred, and ultimately violence.

One year ago, an interfaith coalition of 15 civil rights and faith-based organizations launched a national initiative called Know Your Neighbor at a White House meeting on religious pluralism.

The idea was to promote inclusion, freedom, respect, and cooperation among people of different faiths.


Personal transformative experiences with the “other”

I don’t think any of us sets out to exclude, ignore, or even hate our neighbors who seem different from us. More commonly, we unconsciously pick up biased attitudes and social norms from a young age, influenced by our families of origin, religious and educational institutions, classmates and friends, circumstances, media, you name it.

When I reflect on my own life, I find many instances when my social programming was challenged by personal relationships.

While growing up, I had no clue why some boys I’d see in school wore their hair up in turbans and, in high school at least, sported thick beards. Then, one of these boys happened to be in my senior high school English class. During that year, I got to know to him, and learned that he was a Sikh, a religion originating in northern India. He wore the turban and beard because he had been baptized and adhered to the Sikh code of not cutting his hair. I also learned he was quite the smartass, frequently cracking jokes in class discussions, and a pretty cool cat.

A couple of years later while attending Miami University, I found out that one of my feminist mentors—who was director of the school’s women’s center at the time—practiced Wicca. Yes, she was a witch. Prior to knowing her, I had only the cackling, broom-riding witches of fairy tales and movies as a point of reference. Pretty ridiculous. Now, I had a real, live person, a social activist whom I respected and liked very much, to help round out my perspective on modern Paganism.

Fast forward to 2002, when I married a man who happens to be multiracial. We’ll be celebrating our 15-year wedding anniversary this April, and I can honestly say I’m still learning just how profoundly different life can be for a non-white person in this country. Before I knew and loved Jay, I was oblivious to much of the racism people of color encounter. Over the years, he has helped me see beyond my veil of “white privilege,” and begin to grasp just how pervasive racism is in our society.

I could go on and on, recounting the many individuals who have come into my life as “others,” and ultimately helped me realize we have more in common than I thought.

A recent “Saturday Night Live” skit beautifully illustrates the point that sometimes our preconceptions about “others” are surprisingly inaccurate. That all we need is to get to know someone to understand that we’re a lot more alike than we initially thought.


Inspirational examples of neighborly connection

I’m the kind of learner who needs to see or hear examples before the light bulb comes on. And so with this idea of channeling Mr. Rogers to heal the world, I looked for stories of what other people have done. I don’t have time to share all of them now, and I only scratched the surface of what’s out there, but here are a few examples I found inspiring:

  • Harmony member Nicola Qureshi told me about a time when the caregiver for her disabled father-in-law called in sick at the last minute. Khalid was out of town for work, and both Nicola and her mother-in-law had to get to work. Fortunately, their neighbor was able to come over and wait with her father-in-law until the agency could send another caregiver. “Everything worked out,” she said, “all because my neighbor who had always offered help, actually did help when asked.”
  • Kirsten Adorian, a home cook and nutrition specialist living in Brooklyn, New York, decided after the election to prepare and deliver free meals to her fellow LGBTQ neighbors. She says reaching people through food is one way of reminding them that they are not alone.
  • Christian Bucks, a first grader in York, Pennsylvania, came up with the idea of a “Buddy Bench” to get rid of loneliness and create friendships on the playground. First, he got his school principal to back the idea, and together they brought it to life with a Buddy Bench on the school playground. Now, kids all over the world are following his example and making Buddy Benches at their schools, too.
  • Matthew Bucher, a pastor at a Mennonite church in Harrisonburg, Va., put up a simple sign with one message — “No matter where you are from, we’re glad you’re our neighbor”—in three languages: Spanish, English and Arabic. Now, thousands of these signs have begun appearing in yards across Pennsylvania, Detroit, Wisconsin, North Carolina, and Canada. It’s the yard sign equivalent of “going viral.”
  • Elizabeth Lesser, who cofounded the Omega Institute (one of the country’s largest holistic learning centers) started her own personal initiative a few years ago: Take the Other to Lunch. The idea is simple: Invite someone with an opposing viewpoint, different religious beliefs, or political ideology to join you on your lunch break. Share a meal and some conversation, not with the intent of changing the “other’s” mind or position, but simply to connect and maybe find some common ground or empathy for each other.

To sum up: Help a neighbor in a jam. Bring food. Invite someone to play. Put up welcome signs. Have lunch. Pretty doable.

Listen to what Elizabeth Lesser said recently about this personal approach to reconciliation:

“It’s rare that you have a conflict and two people or two groups who are equally mature in their desire or capacity to get there. That doesn’t mean it can’t happen. What it means is that one person has to take the lead, has to be bigger. I call that kind of person the new first responder. The person who takes the first step in a conflict toward the other, those are brave people.”

Doesn’t this sound a lot like what Mr. Rogers’ mother talked about? “Always look for the helpers…”

A big idea for Harmony

In my quest for a positive way forward in 2017, I realized the most natural place to start is right here. Harmony. It’s in the name of our church, for Pete’s sake! Here we are, a group of neighbors who all believe in the seven UU principles. We have a meeting space to call home. We have minds that think, hearts that love, and hands that are ready to serve.

Why don’t we work together to make Harmony known as a welcoming neighborhood gathering place for respectful, open dialogue and peaceful bridge-building?

William Ury, who literally wrote the book on negotiation techniques, Getting to Yes, said:

The secret to peace is us. It’s us who act as a surrounding community around anyconflict who can play a constructive role. Because if you think about it, normally when we think of conflict when we describe it, there’s always two sides. You know, it’s Arabs versus Israelis, labor versus management, husband versus wife, Republicans versus Democrats, but what we don’t often see is that there’s always a third side. And the third side of the conflict is us. It’s the surrounding community. It’s the friends, the allies, the family members, the neighbors. And we can play an incredibly constructive role.

“And everyone can play that role if you care about—not just about winning your point, but you care about the whole. You care about the community. You care about the longer-term relationships. You care about the strength of our democracy. Then you’re a third sider. You care about the whole.”

Action items: Be My Neighbor

If we are the “third side,” what kind of actions could we take this year to start making more of our neighbors feel included and loved?

I have some thoughts:

Let’s look for ways to incorporate this neighborly approach to what we already do at Harmony. Invite special guests to tell their stories at our regular Sunday services. I’ve already started making a list of sermon topics and reaching out to some possible speakers, such as the Imam from the Islamic Center of Mason, the director of RefugeeConnect, the founder of May We Help, and others.

I know Harmony member Sharon Bodmer is looking to set up visits to other churches on the second Sunday of each month. And Ashley Bauman wants to expand our social justice activism to help protect and welcome our neighbors who are vulnerable and at risk, particularly those experiencing oppression, hatred, and violence. Kif Corcoran said the Islamic Center of Greater Cincinnati in West Chester is holding an open house/tour of their mosque on January 14—anyone want to join her family for the tour?

Some other action items to consider:

  • How could we update or enhance our physical space to make it more appealing as a hub of peace? Upgrade the library? Turn the ant-bait room upstairs into a dedicated meditation and prayer space?
  • What about co-hosting one of our Practical Theology Group discussions with the NAACP or the Su Casa Hispanic Center?
  • Could our RE Children for Others make a Buddy Bench for a local school playground?
  • What if our Sequoias helped create a safe place for LGBTQ tweens and teens in the area?
  • Could we bring that viral yard sign campaign to greater Cincinnati? Get all the local UU churches involved?
  • I know in the past Harmony has done circle dinners where members to get to know each other. Could we revive that and give it an interfaith twist?
  • We have a fabulous new website, and we’re all so networked on social media channels. How can we make the most of these online resources to widen our circle of neighbors? Get different folks in the door? Make a bigger ripple of good?

I care about the whole. I think we all do. If you want to help me turn this vision into a reality, of making Harmony a hub of peace in our neighborhood, send me an email at susanwennerjackson@gmail.com. Join me in making 2017 a year of healing and hope, of being the change we want to see in the world.  ?“Please won’t you be my neighbor?”? 

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