Our Muslim Neighbors
This sermon, “Our Muslim Neighbors,” was originally delivered to the congregation of Harmony, a Unitarian Universalist Community, on February 19, 2017. It is published here with permission from the writer, with all rights reserved.
By Shaykh Aiyub Muhammad Hansbhai
For this brief introduction to Islam and Muslims, let’s begin with a few definitions. Islam can be defined as “peace through submission to God.” Muslim refers to “one who submits to God.” And the Arabic word Salaam simply means “peace.”
We believe that when everyone follow the laws of our creator willingly, then there is peace for self and everyone.
6 Articles of Faith
The beliefs of our faith are defined by these six Articles of Faith, or what is called Iman.
1. Belief in God
We believe God, or Allah, is the Creator while everything else is His creation. He alone has the right to be worshiped and none share His divinity. He is perfect in His names and attributes. For example, The Most Merciful, The Forgiving, The Just, The All-Seeing and Hearing, etc.
Who is Allah?
If you speak French, Allah is Dieu. If you speak Spanish, Dios. If you speak Arabic, Allah. If you speak English, God.
Allah is the Arabic word for God. Arabic speaking Jews and Christians call God “Allah.”
2. Belief in Angels
Angels are pure beings and carry out God’s commands. Examples of Angels include Jibril (Gabriel), who delivers revelation, and Mikail (Michael), who delivers nourishment.
Other functions of Angels: record deeds, send rain, carry the soul, worship God, convey revelations to Prophets, record each person’s deeds, support the righteous when God so decrees, and collect the souls of the dying.
3. Belief in Prophets
Prophets were sent to every nation to teach that God alone should be worshiped, and to enjoin good and forbid evil.
Who were the Prophets? Twenty-five Prophets are mentioned by name in the Quran, including: Adam, Noah, David, Solomon, Abraham, Jacob, Joseph, Moses, John, and Jesus. (May Peace Be Upon Them All.)
Does it makes sense for teacher to give a book and then test you without explaining it to you? God is merciful, so he has sent Prophets to practically demonstrate how to live life according to His will.
Muhammad (May Peace and Blessings be Upon Him)
Muhammad was respectable and trustworthy and a descendant of Abraham. He received his first revelation from the angel Gabriel when he was 40 and the revelation continued for 23 years. He was the last Prophet to confirm the message of previous Prophets and to complete the message for later generations. Every little detail of his life has been recorded and preserved.
4. Belief in the Books
Muslims believe that the following scriptures were the divine words of God in their original form, but through time and translation, parts may have been changed or lost:
- Psalms (revealed to David)
- Scrolls (revealed to Abraham)
- Torah (revealed to Moses)
- Gospel (revealed to Jesus)
- Quran (revealed to Muhammad)
The Quran is considered the eternal miracle of Islam preserved through writing. During the period of over 1,400 years since the Quran was revealed, not a single letter was changed. We consider it to be the divine speech of God, the final revelation of God, and a universal message to all of humanity.
5. Belief in the Day of Judgment
The purpose of life is to strive for a better afterlife. All souls will be resurrected and the world as we know it will be destroyed. Deeds will be weighed, with reward and punishment dispensed accordingly. To be successful on the Day of Judgment, one needs a balance between hope of forgiveness and fear of accountability. After all, God does not want to punish us.
6. Belief in the Divine Decree
Everything, good or bad, pleasure or pain, comes from God and is a test. No one can help you or harm you except by the will of God. Everyone has a free will and each person will be accountable for exercising it.
Beliefs are incomplete without actions, while Islam is a complete way of life. Morals are part of good behavior. We can liberate ourselves and achieve peace and happiness by changing from being a slave of thousand masters to one master. This belief changes the way we look at the events around us.
5 Pillars of Islam
Faith has no meaning with out its impact on action. For example, someone says “I believe in education,” but does not even enroll in school. Enrollment is similar to taking shahada. Enrollment in school itself is not enough—we need to attend classes, too. Prayer is the equivalent of attending classes.
Consider the 5 Pillars of Islam as the minimum of how faith needs to manifest in action. Islam is religion of balance: between faith and action. It’s a balance between action that pleases the Creator and action that fosters relationships with his creation. It’s a balance between hope and fear.
1. Proclamation of Faith (Shahada)
La ilaha illa Allah
Muhammad Ar Rasul Allah
There is no god but God
& Muhammad is the Messenger of God
2. Prayer (Salat)
Every Muslim is required to pray 5 times a day, and prayer is considered the highest form of worship. During prayer, Muslims face towards Mecca and recite verses from the Quran. Prayers can be led in congregation by an Imam (religious leader).
Du’a is a way to ask Allah for mercy, life struggles, and for the betterment of yourself and others in this life and the next.
3. Pilgrimage (Hajj)
Every able Muslim must perform a pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in their lifetime. Kaaba is an empty cube built by Abraham and his son Ishmael. These rituals date back to the time of Abraham, and following them absolves our sins.
4. Charity (Zakah)
Zakah means purification. If a Muslim is able, he or she must give away 2.5% of their excess wealth each year to the poor. Giving charity reminds Muslims that what they own belongs to God, not them.
5. Fasting (Sawm)
Fasting means abstaining from food, water, and sexual intercourse from sunrise to sunset during the month of Ramadan, the 9th month in the Islamic Calendar. We do this to appreciate our blessings, renew our sympathy for the poor, and bring about a spiritual reawakening within.
Who are Muslims?
Throughout the world, the Muslim population is highest in the Asian Pacific countries (62%), followed by the Middle East/North Africa (20%) and Sub-Saharan Africa (15%), according to PewForum.org. About 7 million Muslims live in the United States.
What do Muslims believe about Jesus (peace be upon him)? Muslims respect and revere Jesus, and consider him one of the greatest of God’s messengers to mankind. There is an entire chapter in The Holy Quran named after Mary (Mariam), Mother of Jesus (peace be upon her):
The Angel Gabriel came to Mary and told her she would give birth to a son.
As an infant Jesus spoke to defend his mother and said: “Indeed I am a servant of God: He has given me the scripture (the Gospel) and made me a prophet; And He has made me blessed where ever I be, and has commanded me prayer and charity as long as I live; and to be kind to my Mother, and not arrogant or miserable; and peace is on me the day I was born, the day I die, and the day I will be raised (again) to life!” (Quran 19:30-33)
Action items: Our Muslim Neighbors
Here are 10 things you can do for greater awareness and acceptance of our Muslim neighbors (adapted from this Islamic Center of Greater Cincinnati handout):
- Take it upon yourself to learn about the religion of Islam.
- Get to know a person of the Islamic faith.
- Invite a Muslim representative or an interfaith panel to speak to your organization.
- Speak to your family about the importance of respecting persons of all religious faiths.
- Schedule a visit to a mosque for your organization.
- Urge your church or synagogue to partner with a mosque on a civic project, social or athletic event.
- Invite neighbors and friends into your home to meet a Muslim and to learn about Islam.
- When a person speaks disparagingly about Muslims out of ignorance or prejudice, politely challenge him/her with “that is not my experience or my understanding…”
- Contact your local elected officials urging them to support government policies that respect the religious freedom and civil rights of persons of all religious traditions.
- If you are out in public and witness a Muslim individual being harassed by a bully or bigot, simply go up to the victim and strike up a conversation, ignoring the perpetrator. To report harrassment, call the Council on American-Islamic Relations at (513) 281-8200 or you can report an incident via their website.
Our guest speaker, Shaykh Aiyub Muhammad Hansbhai, is currently serving as Imam at the Islamic Center of Mason. He has more than two decades of experience as an ‘Aalim (scholar), Hafiz (one who memorized and can recite the entire Quran), masjid Imam, teacher, community guidance counselor and prison chaplain. He currently lives in West Chester with his wife, daughter, and sons.